Configuring Windows 8.1
Question No: 171 – (Topic 2)
You connect a portable Windows 8.1 computer to a corporate network by using a VPN connection.
You are unable to access websites on the Internet only when you are using the VPN connection.
You need to ensure that you can access websites when connected to the corporate network.
What should you do?
Configure the VPN connection to use only L2TP/IPSec.
In the TCP/IPv4 properties of the VPN connection, disable the Use default gateway on remote network setting.
Configure the VPN connection to use only PPTP.
In the TCP/IPv4 properties of the VPN connection, enable the Use default gateway on remote network setting.
In the TCP/IPv4 properties of the local area connection, disable the Automatic metric setting.
You Cannot Connect to the Internet After You Connect to a VPN Server
After you use a Virtual Private Network (VPN) connection to log on to a server that is running Routing and Remote Access, you may be unable to connect to the Internet.
This issue may occur if you configure the VPN connection to use the default gateway on the remote network. This setting overrides the default gateway settings that you specify in your Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) settings.
To resolve this issue, configure the client computers to use the default gateway setting on the local network for Internet traffic and a static route on the remote network for VPN-based traffic.
To disable the Use Default Gateway on Remote Network setting in the VPN dial-up connection item on the client computer:
->Double-click My Computer, and then click the Network and Dial-up Connections
->Right-click the VPN connection that you want to change, and then click Properties.
->Click the Networking tab, click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) in the Components checked are used by this connection list, and then click Properties.
->Click Advanced, and then click to clear the Use default gateway on remote
network check box.
->Click OK, click OK, and then click OK.
Disable Windows TCP/IP Routing Automatic Metric Calculation Feature
TCP/IP, which Internet depending on, is a packet switching network that relies on routing to get data packets forward and transmit to the destination address. Routing, or routeing, is a process of selecting paths in the network along intermediate nodes such as routers, bridges, gateways, firewalls, switches, or hubs, which to send network traffic.
During routing, the selection of path is based on a routing metric, if there are more that one routes to the destination, such as in computers with multiple network cards. Path selection selects or predicts the best and optimized route metric wihch is computed by a routing algorithm which takes into account information such as bandwidth, network delay, hop count, path cost, load, MTU, reliability, and communication cost.
In Windows, metric calculation is automatically been done for each network interface or connection available. In the automatic metric calculation does not result in best network performance and routing cost, user can disable the automatic metric calculation feature and manually set a metric value.
Question No: 172 DRAG DROP – (Topic 2)
A company has client computers that run Windows XP or Windows Vista.
The company plans to upgrade all client computers to Windows 8.1. You are planning a deployment strategy.
You need to identify the elements that will be retained after the upgrades.
Which elements will be retained? (To answer, drag the appropriate element or elements to the correct location or locations in the answer area. Elements may be used once, more than once, or not at all. You may need to drag the split bar between panes or scroll to view content.)
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj203353.aspx Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 Upgrade Paths
Question No: 173 – (Topic 2)
A company has an Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) domain. The company has 20 Windows 8.1 tablet PCs that are connected to the domain.
You need to configure an authentication method that simplifies the process of logging on to the tablet PCs and maximizes the security.
Which authentication method should you configure?
Active Directory user account
Explanation: http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-8/connect-microsoft-domain- account
Connect your Microsoft account to your domain account
You can connect your Microsoft account to your domain account and sync your settings and preferences between them. For example, if you use a domain account in the workplace, you can connect your Microsoft account to it and see the same desktop background, app settings, browser history and favorites, and other Microsoft account settings that you see on your home PC. You#39;ll also be able to use Microsoft account services from your domain PC without signing in to them individually.
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-gb/windows-8/join-or-create-a-workgroup Joining a domain, workgroup or homegroup
Applies to Windows 8.1, Windows RT 8.1
Question No: 174 – (Topic 2)
You install Windows 8.1 on a client computer.
Several days later, you establish that the computer has been infected by malware. You are unable to establish when the computer was infected.
You need to restore the client computer to full functionality. What should you do?
Start the computer using the Last Known Good Configuration option.
Use the Refresh your PC without affecting your files function.
Start the computer in Safe Mode.
Use the Remove everything and install Windows function.
Explanation: http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-8/restore-refresh-reset-pc How to refresh, reset, or restore your PC
If you#39;re having problems with your PC, you can try to refresh, reset, or restore it. Refreshing your PC reinstalls Windows and keeps your personal files and settings. It also
keeps the apps that came with your PC and the apps you installed from the Windows Store. Resetting your PC reinstalls Windows but deletes your files, settings, and apps – except for the apps that came with your PC. Restoring your PC is a way to undo recent system changes you#39;ve made.
Question No: 175 – (Topic 2)
A company has Windows 8.1 client computers. Users store data files in their user profile libraries.
You need to ensure that you can restore data files to any date while minimizing system overhead.
Which two actions should you perform? (Each answer presents part of the solution. Choose two.)
Enable Storage Spaces.
Configure settings to save copies of files daily.
Turn on File History.
Configure Windows 7 File Recovery.
Explanation: http://blogs.msdn.com/b/b8/archive/2012/07/10/protecting-user-files-with-file- history.aspx
Protecting user files with File History
File History is a backup application that continuously protects your personal files stored in Libraries, Desktop, Favorites, and Contacts folders. It periodically (by default every hour) scans the file system for changes and copies changed files to another location. Every time any of your personal files has changed, its copy will be stored on a dedicated, external storage device selected by you. Over time, File History builds a complete history of changes made to any personal file.
It’s a feature introduced in Windows 8 that offers a new way to protect files for consumers. It supersedes the existing Windows Backup and Restore features of Windows 7.
Before you start using File History to back up your files, you#39;ll need to set up a drive to save
files to. We recommend that you use an external drive or network location to help protect your files against a crash or other PC problem.
File History only saves copies of files that are in your libraries, contacts, favorites, and on your desktop. If you have folders elsewhere that you want backed up, you can add them to one of your existing libraries or create a new library.
File History wakes up once an hour and looks for personal files that have changed. Versions of all files that have changed are replicated to a dedicated storage device. This approach eliminates the need to set up a schedule and leave a computer idle for an extended period of time. One hour frequency offers a good balance between the level of protection and amount of storage space consumed by file versions. Enthusiasts can change the frequency from 10 min to 1 day in order to increase the level of protection or reduce storage consumption.
Question No: 176 – (Topic 2)
A company has 10 client computers that run Windows 7. All client computers have the same hardware configuration. The hardware configuration includes custom hardware components manufactured by the company.
The computer hard drives are configured as shown in the Disk Management window exhibit. (Click the Exhibit button.)
The company plans to upgrade the client computers to Windows 8.1.
You need to test hardware compatibility with Windows 8.1 on one client computer and leave the existing Windows 7 installation intact.
Which two actions should you perform? (Each correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose two.)
Insert the Windows 8.1 installation media into the computer, and then run the Setup program.
Shrink the current hard drive partition, and then create a new partition for the Windows
Change the hard drive to a dynamic disk and create a new dynamic volume.
Start the computer from the Windows 8.1 installation media and then select the Custom installation option.
Answer: B,D Explanation:
Install more than one operating system (multiboot)
If your computer#39;s hard disk has adequate free disk space, you can install a newer version of Windows on a separate partition and keep the earlier version of Windows on your computer. This is called a multiboot or dual-boot configuration. Whenever you start your computer, you can then choose which version of Windows to run.
Multibooting requires separate partitions on your computer#39;s hard disk for each operating system.
Example of a multiboot disk configuration
Further Information: http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2425418,00.asp How to Dual Boot Windows 8.1 and Windows 7
Step 2: Partition
You#39;ll have to create a partition of at least 16GB (20GB for 64-bit Windows 8.1) for your side-by-side Windows 8.1 and 7 installation. To do this, type quot;disk managementquot; in the Start button#39;s text box, which will display a quot;Create and format hard disk partitionsquot; choice at the top of the Start panel. Click on that to open the Disk Management utility. You#39;ll probably have two partitions. Right-click on the largest one, and choose Shrink Volume from the context menu.
A quot;Querying Shrink Spacequot; dialog will appear for a while, and then another message will tell you how much free space can be squeezed out of the drive in MB. Enter a size above 16GB for the 32-bit version of Windows 8.1 and over 20GB for the 64-bit flavor, and then hit the Shrink button. This will create an Unallocated section equal to the size you chose in the chart at the bottom of the window. Leave it be for now, we#39;ll let the Windows 8.1 installer take over from here.
Step 4: Run the Windows 8.1 Installer
Pop in the installer DVD you burned or the USB stick you prepared, and restart your PC. Choose your language, then quot;Install Now.quot; You#39;ll need a product key that matches your installer ISO. For the Windows 8.1 Preview installer, for example, the key is NTTX3- RV7VB-T7X7F-WQYYY-9Y92F. Accept the software license, and after this, choose Custom, not Upgrade. Now is when you#39;re presented with the choice of partitions, click quot;Drive options (advanced)quot; and then select the Unallocated space we created in step 2. Next, click New from the drive options icons below. Accept the full size displayed, and hit Apply.
Now we#39;ve got a freshly formatted partition to install Windows 8 on.
Question No: 177 – (Topic 2)
A company has client computers that run Windows 8.1. Finance department employees store files in the C:\Finance directory. File History is on.
A Finance department employee attempts to restore a file to a previous version by using File History. The file is not available to restore.
You need to establish why the file history is not available and ensure that it is available in the future.
Which two actions should you perform? (Each correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose two.)
Change the File History drive.
Review the File History backup log.
Move the file into a library.
Start the Volume Shadow Copy Service.
Explanation: B: Configuring Advanced Settings of Windows 8.1 File History
To set some more detailed options, or to clean up File History, click Advanced settings. The Event logs section includes the Open File History event logs to view recent events or errors command that opens File History backup log in Applications and Services Logs section of Event Viewer.
File History automatically backs up files that are in your libraries, contacts, favorites, Microsoft SkyDrive and on your desktop.
Do not expect File History to cover all your folders or whole drives – it backs up all your default and custom Libraries (including Public Folders), plus Contacts, Desktop and Favorites folders. Your only way to include other folders is to create your own custom Libraries.
A New Way to Backup: File History in Windows 8
File History only backs up data in libraries, favorites, desktop, and contacts and must use a non-system drive for backup.
Since File History is already on we can assume the drive doesn#39;t need to be changed. So we should review the log and move the file to a library.
Question No: 178 – (Topic 2)
You administer a Windows 8.1 Pro client computer. You disable system protection, install custom drivers, and create a system image.
You test a new application and discover that the computer becomes unresponsive.
You need to return your computer to the state that existed prior to the installation of the application.
What should you do?
Start the computer from a system recovery drive, and then perform System Restore.
Start the computer from a system repair disk, and then perform System Image Recovery.
Start the computer from the system repair disk, and then from the command prompt, run the BCDEdit /copy command.
Run Reset your PC.
Explanation: If you can#39;t access Control Panel and you don#39;t have a Windows installation disc or a system repair disc, use this method to restore your computer:
->Restart your computer using the computer#39;s power button.
->Do one of the following:
->On the Advanced Boot Options screen, use the arrow keys to highlight Repair your computer, and then press Enter.
->Select a keyboard layout, and then click Next.
->Select a user name, type the password, and then click OK.
->On the System Recovery Options menu, click System Image Recovery, and then follow the instructions.
Question No: 179 – (Topic 2)
A company has client Windows Vista and Windows 8.1.
You need to ensure that the client computers can share local resources.
Which two actions should you perform on the client computers? (Each correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose two.)
Enable network discovery.
Configure the Windows Firewall.
Answer: B,E Explanation:
By changing your network location to Home or Work, network discovery is automatically turned on . You can also turn on these sharing options individually:
File sharing (in Windows 7, this is automatically turned on when you share a file or folder) Public folder sharing
When you turn on these options, your computer can:
Find other computers and devices on your home network and have other computers find
Share its files and folders Share its Public folders
What is network discovery?
Network discovery is a network setting that affects whether your computer can see (find) other computers and devices on the network and whether other computers on the network can see your computer.
There are three network discovery states:
On – This state allows your computer to see other network computers and devices and allows people on other network computers to see your computer. This makes it easier to share files and printers.
Off – This state prevents your computer from seeing other network computers and devices and prevents people on other network computers from seeing your computer.
Custom – This is a mixed state in which some settings related to network discovery are enabled, but not all of them. For example, network discovery could be turned on, but you or your system administrator might have disabled a firewall exception that affects network discovery.
Network discovery requires that the dnscache, fdrespub, ssdpsrv, and upnphost services are started, that the Windows Firewall exception for network discovery is enabled, and that other firewalls are not interfering with network discovery.
http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/how-to-browse-for-a-network-in-windows-81.html How to Browse for a Network in Windows 8.1
3. If you see the message Network discovery and file sharing are turned off. Network computers and devices are not visible. Click to change… just below the ribbon, select that message.
Then select Turn On Network Discovery and File Sharing on the pop-up menu. This option enables your computer to find other computers and to be found by others.
http://windowsitpro.com/windows-81/turning-device-discovery-windows-81 Turning on Device Discovery for Windows 8.1
Some of you may be used to being able to locate other PCs and devices connected to the network through Windows. By default, this function is turned off in Windows 8.1 to ensure security and privacy. However, it can be a pain to locate.
Turn on the Find devices and content selection.
Question No: 180 – (Topic 2)
A company has an Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) domain. The corporate environment includes a Windows Software Update Services (WSUS) server. All client computers run Windows 8.1 and a custom web application. The company has a Microsoft Software Assurance for Volume Licensing agreement.
After deploying Windows Updates to the computers, the web application stops responding. You establish that a specific optional update installed by Windows Update is causing the problem. In the Windows Update Control Panel item, the option to remove the update is unavailable.
You need to remove only the optional update from one client computer. What should you do?
Restart the computer from a Diagnostic and Repair Toolset (DaRT) boot disk and use the Hotfix Uninstaller tool.
From the c:\Windows folder, open the $NTUninstallKBxxxx folder for the update and run the uninstall command.
Start the computer by using the Last Known Good Configuration option.
use System Restore to restore the computer to a point before the update was installed.
Run the Update-Sources Windows PowerShell cmdlet.
Answer: A Explanation:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj713340.aspx Getting Started with DaRT 8.0
How to Get DaRT 8.0
DaRT 8.0 is a part of the Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack (MDOP). MDOP is part of Microsoft Software Assurance.
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj713326.aspx Overview of the Tools in DaRT 8.0
From the Diagnostics and Recovery Toolset window in Microsoft Diagnostics and Recovery Toolset (DaRT) 8.0, you can start any of the individual tools that you include when you create the DaRT 8.0 recovery image.
Exploring the DaRT tools Hotfix Uninstall
The Hotfix Uninstall Wizard lets you remove hotfixes or service packs from the Windows operating system on the computer that you are repairing. Use this tool when a hotfix or service pack is suspected in preventing the operating system from starting.